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Aviation

How to build the Airbus A350

The new SAS Airbus A350 is not only a game changer in terms of fuel efficiency, it marks a step forward in aircraft engineering, too.

The process of building an A350 is a showcase for European partnership. It’s also a colossal feat. A meticulously orchestrated collaborative design and manufacturing effort, with coordinated supply chains and use of advanced materials and manufacturing techniques to produce a set of sub-assemblies. The major parts of the plane then follow a series of synchronized journeys which culminate at the final assembly line (FAL) in Toulouse. Here, all the main elements of the plane are connected together to produce the final product, the A350 – a triumph of technological ingenuity that brings high-performance, comfort and more sustainable air travel to SAS travelers.

Once assembly is completed, the aircraft goes through a rigorous series of fuel and pressurization tests, painting, engine installation, last cabin fittings, ground tests and flight testing, before delivery to SAS. 

1. Wings 
Advanced, high speed aero-dynamics, reducing fuel usage and CO2 emissions
Wing development in Filton
Wing box assembly in Broughton
Center wing box manufacture and assembly in Nantes
Wing covers developed in Getafe
Wing upper cover manufacture in Stade
Wing equipping in Bremen
Wing lower cover manufacture/sub-assembly in Illescas

2. Nose, forward and center fuselage
The extra wide body (XWB) makes for a more spacious and comfortable passenger cabin
Center Fuselage assembly, equipping and testing in Saint-Nazaire
Cabin and fuselage development and testing in Hamburg
Customer cabin design definition in Hamburg
Nose and center fuselage aassembly, equipping and testing in Saint-Nazaire

3. Passenger Cabin 
300 seats (40 SAS Business / 32 SAS Plus / 228 SAS Go)
Quietest twin-aisle cabin
Optimized cabin altitude
More fresh air
Advanced control of temperature and humidity 
Full LED ambient lighting

4. Engines 
Latest generation engine technology reduces CO2 emissions and external and internal noise footprint
Rolls-Royce Trent XWB design and assembly in Derby, UK and Dahlewitz, Germany
Pylon (connecting engine to wing), air inlet and nacelle integration development in Saint-Eloi, Toulouse
Pylon and aft pylon fairing manufacture, assembly, integration in Saint-Eloi

5. Aft fuselage
Innovative carbon fiber reinforced polymers for reduced weight, low fuel burn and easy maintenance
Aft fuselage manufacture in Hamburg
Aft fuselage upper and lower Shells manufacture in Stade
Rear fuselage development in Getafe

6. Empennage (Tail)
Advanced tail design provides maximum aerodynamic -efficiency in the various phases of flight
Empennage development in Getafe
Horizontal tail plane assembly and equipping in Getafe
Vertical tail plane assembly and equipping in Stade
Horizontal tail plane boxes assembly in Puerto Real

7. Aircraft Livery / External Painting 
The distinctive new SAS livery 
Painted in one of the four wide-body paint shops in Toulouse
Paints specially developed by AkzoNobel to comply with latest environmental regulations using low volatile organic compounds
Paint applied using electrostatic pulverization, using less paint to reduce weight
Only surface not painted is the titanium on the engine pylon

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